GATE BM Syllabus 2025: Biomedical Engineering



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Explore the comprehensive GATE Bio-medical Engineering (BM) syllabus for 2025 to kickstart your exam preparation and achieve success.

bio medical engineering bm gate papers

GATE BM Syllabus 2025– GATE 2025 exam will be conduct by IIT, Roorkee on dates 1, 2 and 8, 9 February, 2025. Here we have provided latest Bio-medical Engineering syllabus & paper pattern for GATE 2025 aspirants.

All candidates with Bio-medical Engineering subject are advised to download this latest syllabus before starting their GATE 2025 exam preparation.

GATE 2025 Highlights

GATE 2025 Conducting BodyIIT, Roorkee
GATE 2025 Exam Date 1, 2, 8, 9 February, 2025
GATE 2025 Total Subjects 30
GATE 2025 Exam Mode ONLINE Computer Based Test (CBT)
GATE 2025 Exam Duration 3 hours (180 minutes)
GATE 2025 Total Questions 10 (GA) + 55 (subject)= 65
GATE 2025 Total Marks 100
GATE 2025 Question Type MCQ, MSQ, NAT

GATE Biomedical Engineering Paper Pattern 2025

Paper SectionsMarks Distribution
Subject Questions72% of the total marks.
Engineering Mathemetics13% of the total marks.
General Aptitude15% of the total marks.

GATE Biomedical Engineering Exam Pattern Details 2025

Particulars Details
Mode of Examination Computer-Based Examination
Duration 3 Hours (180 Minutes)
Types of Questions
  • Two types of questions will be asked:
  • Multiple Choice Question (MCQ)
  • Multiple Select Questions
  • Numerical Answer Key (NAT) Questions
Total Number of Questions 65 Questions
Total Marks 100 Marks
  •  There will be three sections in the examination:
  • Engineering Mathematics
  • General Aptitude
  • Biomedical Engineering section
General Aptitude Section
  • This section will be mandatory and will consist of 10 questions.
  • 5 of the questions will be of 1 mark, and the remaining will be of 2 marks. The total marks of the section will be 15 marks.
Marking Scheme
  • For 1 Mark MCQs – ⅓ mark will be deducted for every wrong answer.
  • For 2 Mark MCQs – ⅔ mark will be deducted for every wrong answer.
  • Unattempted questions will be given zero marks
  • There will be no negative marking

GATE Biomedical Engineering Syllabus 2025 PDF

General Aptitude Syllabus (Common to all papers) [pdf] Download
GATE Syllabus for Bio-medical Engineering (BM) [pdf] Download

GATE Biomedical Engineering Syllabus for Core Subjects 2025

Topics Subtopics
  • Linear Algebra
  • Calculus
  • Differential Equations
  • Analysis of Complex Variables
  • Probability and Statistics
  • Numerical Methods
Electrical Circuits Voltage and current sources – independent, dependent, ideal and practical; v-i relationships of resistor, inductor and capacitor; transient analysis of RLC circuits with dc excitation; Kirchoff’s laws, superposition, Thevenin, Norton, maximum power transfer and reciprocity theorems; Peak, average and rms values of ac quantities; apparent, active and reactive powers; phasor analysis, impedance and admittance; series and parallel resonance, realization of basic filters with R, L and C elements, Bode plot
Signals and Systems Continuous and Discrete Signal and Systems – Periodic, a periodic and impulse signals; Sampling theorem; Laplace and Fourier transforms; impulse response of systems; transfer function, frequency response of first and second order linear time invariant systems, convolution, correlation. Discrete time systems – impulse response, frequency response, DFT, Z – transform; basics of IIR and FIR filter
Analog and Digital Electronics Basic characteristics and applications of diode, BJT and MOSFET; Characteristics and applications of operational amplifiers – difference amplifier, adder, subtractor, integrator, differentiator, instrumentation amplifier, buffer, filters and waveform generators. Number systems, Boolean algebra; combinational logic circuits – arithmetic circuits, comparators, Schmitt trigger, encoder/decoder, MUX/DEMUX, multi-vibrators; Sequential circuits – latches and flip flops, state diagrams, shift registers and counters; Principles of ADC and DAC; Microprocessor- architecture, interfacing memory and input- output devices
Measurements and Control Systems SI units, systematic and random errors in measurement, expression of uncertainty -accuracy and precision index, propagation of errors; PMMC, MI and dynamometer type instruments; dc potentiometer; bridges for measurement of R, L and C, Q-meter. Basics of control system – transfer function
Sensors and Bioinstrumentation Sensors – resistive, capacitive, inductive, piezoelectric, Hall effect, electro chemical, optical; Sensor signal conditioning circuits; application of LASER in sensing and therapy. Origin of bio potentials and their measurement techniques – ECG, EEG, EMG, ERG, EOG, GSR, PCG, Principles of measuring blood pressure, body temperature, volume and flow in arteries, veins and tissues, respiratory measurements and cardiac output measurement. Operating principle of medical equipment-sphygmomanometer, ventilator, cardiac pacemaker, defibrillator, pulse oximeter, hemodialyzer Electrical Isolation (optical and electrical) and Safety of Biomedical Instruments
Human Anatomy and Physiology Basics of cell, types of tissues and organ systems; Homeostasis; Basics of organ systems – musculoskeletal, respiratory, circulatory, excretory, endocrine, nervous, gastro-intestinal and reproductive
Medical Imaging Systems Basic physics, Instrumentation and image formation techniques in medical imaging modalities such as X-Ray, Computed Tomography, Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography, Positron Emission Tomography, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Ultrasound
Biomechanics Kinematics of muscles and joints – free-body diagrams and equilibrium, forces and stresses in joints, biomechanical analysis of joints, Gait analysis; Hard Tissues – Definition of Stress and Strain, Deformation Mechanics, structure and mechanical properties of bone – cortical and cancellous bones; Soft Tissues – Structure, functions, material properties, Viscoelastic Properties, Maxwell & Voight Models Biofluid mechanics – Flow properties of blood in the intact human cardiovascular system
Biomaterials Basic properties of biomaterials – Metallic, Ceramic, Polymeric and Composite; Fundamental characteristics of implants – biocompatibility, bioactivity, and biodegradability; Basics of drug delivery; Basics of tissue engineering. Biomaterial characterization techniques – Rheology, Atomic Force Microscopy, Electron Microscopy, Transmission Electron Microscopy Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy

GATE Biomedical Engineering Guidance

GATE Biomedical Engineering Syllabus & Exam Pattern FAQs

What is the syllabus for the GATE Biomedical Engineering (BM) exam?

The GATE Biomedical Engineering syllabus covers various topics related to biomedical engineering.

It includes subjects such as Anatomy and Physiology, Biomedical Instrumentation, Medical Imaging Systems, Biomaterials, Biomechanics, Signal Processing, Control Systems, and more.

The detailed syllabus can be found on the official GATE website or on

Are there any specific books recommended for GATE Biomedical Engineering preparation?

While there are no specific books recommended by, there are several books available in the market that cover the topics mentioned in the syllabus. Some popular reference books for Biomedical Engineering include 'Biomedical Instrumentation: Technology and Applications' by R.S. Khandpur, 'Introduction to Biomedical Engineering' by John Enderle et al., and 'Medical Instrumentation: Application and Design' by John G. Webster.

How many questions are asked in the GATE Biomedical Engineering exam?

The GATE Biomedical Engineering exam consists of a total of 65 questions. These questions are a mix of multiple-choice questions (MCQs) and numerical answer type (NAT) questions. The exam is conducted for a total of 100 marks.

What is the exam pattern for the GATE Biomedical Engineering paper?

The GATE Biomedical Engineering paper follows the same exam pattern as other GATE papers.

The exam duration is 3 hours, and it consists of two types of questions: Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) and Numerical Answer Type (NAT) questions.

MCQs have four choices, out of which only one is correct, while NAT questions require candidates to enter a numerical value as the answer using a virtual keyboard.

Are there any negative marks for wrong answers in the GATE Biomedical Engineering exam?

Yes, negative marking is applicable for MCQs in the GATE Biomedical Engineering exam.

For each incorrect answer in MCQs, 1/3rd of the marks allotted to the question will be deducted as a penalty. However, there is no negative marking for incorrect answers in NAT questions.

Can I use a calculator during the GATE Biomedical Engineering exam?

No, candidates are not allowed to carry any physical calculator inside the exam hall. However, a virtual calculator will be provided on the computer screen during the exam for calculations.

Are there any specific tips for effective preparation for the GATE Biomedical Engineering exam?

Effective preparation for the GATE Biomedical Engineering exam requires a thorough understanding of the syllabus, regular practice with previous years' question papers, and the use of standard reference books.

Creating a study schedule, taking mock tests, and revising important concepts are also crucial for success.

Additionally, staying updated with current developments in the field of biomedical engineering is recommended.

Are there any specific GATE coaching institutes or online platforms recommended for Biomedical Engineering preparation?

While does not endorse any specific coaching institutes or online platforms, there are several coaching institutes and online platforms that offer GATE preparation courses for Biomedical Engineering.

It is advisable to research and choose a reputable coaching institute or online platform based on reviews, recommendations, and their track record.

Is it necessary to solve previous years' question papers for the GATE Biomedical Engineering exam?

Solving previous years' question papers is highly recommended for the GATE Biomedical Engineering exam.

It helps candidates familiarize themselves with the exam pattern, understand the types of questions asked, and assess their preparation level. It also aids in time management and improves problem-solving skills.

Can GATE Biomedical Engineering be a suitable choice for higher studies or career opportunities?

Yes, qualifying in the GATE Biomedical Engineering exam opens up various opportunities for higher studies and career advancements.

It can lead to admissions in prestigious postgraduate programs in Biomedical Engineering, as well as opportunities in research and development, healthcare industry, medical device companies, government organizations, and academia.

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