GATE EY Syllabus 2025: Ecology & Evolution

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Explore the comprehensive GATE Ecology and Evolution (EY) syllabus for 2024 to kickstart your exam preparation and achieve success.

GATE EY Syllabus 2024 – GATE 2025 exam will be conduct by IIT, Roorkee on dates 1, 2 and 8, 9 February, 2025. Here we have provided latest Ecology and Evolution syllabus & paper pattern for GATE 2024 aspirants.

All candidates with Ecology and Evolution subject are advised to download this latest syllabus before starting their GATE 2024 exam preparation.

GATE 2025 Highlights

GATE 2025 Conducting Body IIT, Roorkee
GATE 2025 Exam Date 1, 2, 8, 9 February, 2025
GATE 2025 Total Subjects 30
GATE 2025 Exam Mode ONLINE Computer Based Test (CBT)
GATE 2025 Exam Duration 3 hours (180 minutes)
GATE 2025 Total Questions 10 (GA) + 55 (subject)= 65
GATE 2025 Total Marks 100
GATE 2025 Question Type MCQ, MSQ, NAT

GATE Ecology & Evolution Paper Pattern 2024

Paper SectionsMarks Distribution
Subject Questions85% of the total marks.
General Aptitude15% of the total marks.

GATE Ecology & Evolution Syllabus 2024 PDF

General Aptitude Syllabus (Common to all papers) [pdf] Download
GATE Syllabus for Ecology and Evolution [pdf] Download

GATE Ecology Syllabus 2024

Topics Subtopics
Fundamental Concepts
  • Scales: species, population, ecosystem, biomes, community
  • Abiotic and biotic components
  • Habitats and niches
Population ecology
  • Metapopulation ecology: colonization, persistence, extinction, patches, sources, and sinks
  • Population growth rates: density-dependent/independent Age-structured populations
  • Prey-predator interactions
  • Types: mutualism, symbiosis, commensalism, competition, parasitism, predation, etc.
  • Ecophysiology: physiological adaptations to the abiotic environment
Ecosystem structure and function
  • Trophic levels and their interactions
  • Nutrient cycles
  • Primary and secondary productivity
Community ecology
  • Species-area relationships
  • Community assembly
  • Theory of island biogeography
  • Organization and succession
  • Species richness, evenness, and diversity indices

GATE EY Syllabus for Evolution 2024

Topics Subtopics
History of Evolutionary Lamarckism, Darwinism, and Modern Synthesis
  • Variation, heritability, natural selection, fitness and adaptation
  • Types of selection: stabilizing, directional, and disruptive
Diversity of Life
  • Origin and history of life on Earth
  • Diversity and classification of life
  • Systems of classification: cladistics, phenetics
Life history strategies Resource allocation, trade-offs, r/K selection, semelparity and iteroparity
  • Coevolution: co-adaptations, arms race, Red Queen hypothesis, co-speciation
  • Prey-predator interactions: mimicry, crypsis
Population and Quantitative genetics
  • Origins of genetic variation, Mendelian genetics, Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium, drift, and selection: one-locus two-alleles model
  • Population genetic structure: panmixia, gene flow, FST, polygenic traits, gene-environment interactions: phenotypic plasticity, heritability
Macroevolution Species concepts and speciation, adaptive radiation, convergence, and biogeography

GATE EY Syllabus for Mathematics and Quantitative Ecology 2024

Topics Subtopics
Mathematics and statistics in ecology
  • Simple functions: linear, quadratic, exponential, logarithmic, etc.
  • Concept of derivatives and slope of a function, Permutations and combinations
  • Basic probability: random events, sequences of events
  • Frequency distributions and descriptive statistics: mean, variance, coefficient of variation, correlation, etc.
Statistical hypothesis testing
  • Concept of p-value, Type I and Type II errors
  • Test statistics: t-test and Chi-square test
  • Basics of linear regression and ANOVA

GATE Ecology and Evolution Syllabus for Behavioral Ecology 2024

Topics Subtopics
Classical Ethology Instinct, fixed action pattern, imprinting, learned behavior, proximate and ultimate questions
Sensory ecology Neuroethology, communication (chemical, acoustic, and visual signaling), and recognition systems
Foraging ecology Foraging behavior, optimal foraging theory
Reproduction Cost of sex, sexual dimorphism, mate choice, sexual selection (runaway selection, good genes, handicap principle), sexual conflict, mating systems, parental care
Social Living Costs and benefits of group-living (including responses to predators), effect of competition (scramble and contest) on group formation, dominance relationships, eusociality, kin selection, altruism, reciprocity, human behavior

GATE EY Syllabus for Applied Ecology and Evolution 2024

Topics Subtopics
Biodiversity and conservation Importance of conserving biodiversity, ecosystem services, threats to biodiversity, invasive species, in-situ conservation (endemism, biodiversity hotspots, protected areas), ex-situ conservation, conservation genetics (genetic diversity, inbreeding depression), DNA fingerprinting, and DNA barcoding
Disease ecology and evolution Epidemiology, zoonotic diseases, antibiotic resistance, vector control
Plant and animal breeding Marker-assisted breeding and the genetic basis of economically important traits
Global climate change Causes, consequences, and mitigation

GATE Ecology & Evolution Engineering Guidance

GATE Ecology & Evolution Syllabus & Exam Pattern FAQs

What is the syllabus for GATE Ecology & Evolution?

The syllabus for GATE Ecology & Evolution includes subjects like Ecology, Evolution, Mathematics, Statistics, and General Aptitude.

Topics covered include population ecology, community ecology, ecosystem ecology, evolutionary biology, genetics, mathematical ecology, and more.

Is the GATE Ecology & Evolution syllabus subject to change?

The core subjects of the GATE Ecology & Evolution syllabus remain relatively stable. However, it's important to check the official GATE website for any updates or changes in the syllabus before starting your preparation.

Are there any specific topics within each subject that are more important for GATE Ecology & Evolution?

While the entire syllabus is important, some topics carry more weightage than others.

For example, in Ecology, topics like population dynamics, community structure, and ecosystem functioning are crucial. In Evolution, topics like genetic variation, natural selection, and speciation are significant.

The GATE Ecology & Evolution exam consists of a total of 65 questions, with a duration of 3 hours. The question paper is divided into two sections: Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) and Numerical Answer Type (NAT) questions. MCQs carry 1 or 2 marks each, while NAT questions carry 1 or 2 marks each. There is negative marking for incorrect answers in MCQs.

What is the exam pattern for GATE Ecology & Evolution?

Is there a specific weightage assigned to each subject in the GATE Ecology & Evolution exam?

No, there is no specific weightage assigned to each subject. The distribution of questions can vary from year to year.

However, it is generally observed that questions related to core subjects like Ecology, Evolution, and Mathematics/Statistics have a significant presence in the exam.

Are there any recommended books or resources to cover the entire GATE Ecology & Evolution syllabus?

Some popular books for GATE Ecology & Evolution preparation include 'Ecology: Concepts and Applications' by Manuel C. Molles Jr., 'Evolution' by Douglas J. Futuyma, 'Mathematical Models in Population Biology and Epidemiology' by Fred Brauer and Carlos Castillo-Chavez, and 'Introductory Statistics with R' by Peter Dalgaard. Additionally, previous years' question papers and study materials from reputed coaching institutes can be helpful.

Are there any specific reference books for numerical problem-solving in GATE Ecology & Evolution?

While numerical problem-solving is not as prominent in the GATE Ecology & Evolution exam compared to other subjects, books like 'Mathematical Models in Population Biology and Epidemiology' by Fred Brauer and Carlos Castillo-Chavez can provide insight into mathematical approaches in ecology and evolution.

Is it necessary to study Mathematics and Statistics for the GATE Ecology & Evolution exam?

Yes, Mathematics and Statistics are an integral part of the GATE Ecology & Evolution syllabus. Topics such as calculus, probability, statistical analysis, and mathematical modeling are included.

It's essential to allocate sufficient time for studying and practicing mathematics and statistics concepts.

Are there any online resources or mock tests available for GATE Ecology & Evolution preparation?

Yes, there are several online platforms and websites that offer free and paid resources for GATE Ecology & Evolution preparation. Some popular ones include ResearchGate, Ecology Online, and GateForum.

These platforms provide study materials, research articles, mock tests, and previous years' question.

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