[PDF] KVS PGT 2024 Syllabus – Geography



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“What is the syllabus of pgt geography  in kvs for 2024 exam?
How to download syllabus of kvs pgt geography in pdf format?

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TestComponent of the test
Written Examination
Number of questionsTotal marksDuration of the test
Part-I1. General English10102:30 Hours
2. General Hindi1010
Part-II1. General Knowledge & Current Affairs1010
2. Reasoning Ability1010
3. Computer Literacy1010
4. Pedagogy2020
5. Subject concerned8080
Total (written exam.)150150

[2024 -2025]

KVS PGT Geography Syllabus 2024 TopicWise

Topics Syllabus
Topic- 1: Geography as a disciplineGeographical ideas in ancient, medieval & modern periods: the contributions of Varenius, Kant, Reine, Humboldt and Ritter. Influence of Richthofen and Darwin. Videl-da-la Blache, F. Ratzel etc.
Topic-2: Origin and Evolution of the EarthIntroduction to the solar system,

Motions of Earth: Rotation, Revolution, Occurrence of Day and Night; change of seasons; Latitudes and Longitudes; Finding time. Earth’s Interior: Origin of contents and ocean basis Wagener’s Continental drift theory, Theory of Plate Tectonics Earthquakes and Volcanoes, Folding and faulting Origin of the Earth: Nebular hypothesis (old Theory) and Big-Bang Theory. Evolution of continents, atmosphere and oceans.

Topic-3:  Interior of the Earth and Distribution of oceans and continentsConstitution of Earth’s interior (based on Seismic Evidence), the origin of the continents and ocean basins. Wegner’s theory of Continental drift and Plate Tectonics. Plate movements and interactions-Volcanism and seismicity.
Topic-4:  Landforms


Mineral and rocks- classification of rocks, rock cycle. The important minerals geomorphic process of denudation Endogenic and Exogenic processes. Mass Wasting, Landslide, Work of River, Glacier Wind, Sea Waves etc, processes of soil formation.
Topic-5: Climate

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Atmosphere: Composition and structure. Insolation and temperature, Atmospheric pressure and winds, Atmospheric moisture, cyclones, classification of climate (Koeppen and Thornthwaite Schemes classification). Global climatic changes: Causes and effects.
Topic-6:  Water (Ocean)Geomorphology of the ocean floor, submarine relief features of Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Ocean. Movement of ocean water: Currents, tides and waves. Marine deposits and coral reefs.
Topic -7:  Life on the EarthApproaches in environmental Geography, landscape, ecosystem and perception approaches,

Man and the Biosphere: Interactive and dynamic relationship. Human impact on biogeochemical cycles.

Topic-8:  Indiathe Geographical basis of Indian State-territory; location, extent, shape and size.
Topic-9 PhysiographyStructure, Physiographic divisions, Drainage system and its evolution.
Topic-10 Climate, Vegetation and SoilClimate: factors controlling the climate of India Origin and mechanism of Indian monsoon; Seasons of India, Classification of the climate of India (Koeppen’s, Thornthwaite, Trewartha). Soils: Type and distribution (I.C.A.R.), Soil problems, conservation of soil Vegetation- Types & Distribution; conservation.
Topic-11:  Natural Hazards and disastersCauses, Consequences and management in India Environmental Hazards: Floods, droughts, cyclones, earthquakes and landslides; human adjustment to hazards; hazards perception and mitigation; environmental institutions and legislation in India.
Topic-12:  Human Geography: Nature and ScopeNature and scope of Human Geography, Approaches to the Human Geography, Determinism, Environmental Determinism, Possibilism, Neo-determinism, ecological and Behaviouralism.

Topic -13: People (World and India)

Trends and patterns of population growth: determinants and patterns of population distribution; theories, demographic transition; Human migration, Patterns of human development.
Topic-14: Human Activities: (World and India)


Primary: -Hunting, gathering, Herding (Nomadic & Commercial) Lumbering fishing, mining and agriculture; Agricultural practices; some major crops.
Topic-15: Transport, Communication and Trade (World and India)


Transport and communication Roads, railways, waterways and airways; oil and gas pipelines, national electric grids.
Topic-16: Human settlements (World and India)


Unstable and stable settlements, rural settlements: origin, types and patterns; Urban settlements: Origin and growth of towns; functional classification of towns. Problems of urbanization in the world; urbanization in India; Urban slums and squatters.
Topic -17: Geographical perspectives on selected issues and problems


Environmental pollution-Land, Water, Air, Noise, Global Warming, Poverty, Food Security; Sustainable Development.
Topic -18: General Cartography (Practicals)


Elements and classification of maps, scales, map-projections, finding directions, latitudes, longitudes and calculation of local & standard time, Identification & Analysis of relief forms: Topographical Maps and interpretation. Weather-instruments and interpretation of weather maps. Digital mapping, Remote sensing, Visual interpretation. Processing of Data, Thematic mapping, representing statistical data by various diagrams-Bar, Histogram, Pie etc.

KVS PGT Geography Syllabus 2024 PDF

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