Top 10 PSUs in India: Operations and Contributions

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Explore India’s top 10 PSUs for promising career prospects and insights into the country’s leading public sector companies.

“What are the best PSUs in India?
What are the top profit making PSUs in India?
You all must have this kind of questions in your mind. Below article will solve this puzzle of yours. Just take a look.”


top 10 psus india

Top 10 PSUs in India – Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) have been pivotal in India’s growth story.

These government-owned companies have played a crucial role in various sectors, contributing significantly to the nation’s economy.

Among the multitude of PSUs, some have consistently outshone others.

India is a nation that has a thriving public sector, comprising of various Public Sector Units (PSUs) that play a crucial role in the country’s economic development.

These PSUs are owned and managed by the Government of India and are entrusted with the task of generating income, employment, and overall growth in the economy.

In this article, we delve into the top 10 PSUs in India, exploring their contributions, achievements, and impact.

1. List of Top 10 PSUs in India

1. Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IOCL)

Overview: Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IOCL) is one of India’s largest and most prominent petroleum companies.

Established in 1959, IOCL is a government-owned entity and plays a pivotal role in the country’s oil and gas sector.

Key Contributions:

  1. Oil Refining: IOCL is a major player in the refining of crude oil and operates several refineries across India. These refineries are responsible for producing a wide range of petroleum products, including petrol, diesel, LPG, aviation turbine fuel (ATF), and more.
  2. Retail Network: IOCL has an extensive retail network under the brand name “IndianOil” with thousands of petrol and diesel stations across the country. It ensures the availability of quality fuel to consumers.
  3. LPG Distribution: IOCL is a leading distributor of LPG (liquefied petroleum gas) for domestic, commercial, and industrial use. It plays a crucial role in providing clean cooking fuel to households across India.
  4. Petrochemicals: The company has diversified into the petrochemicals sector and produces various chemicals and polymers used in industries such as plastics, textiles, and packaging.
  5. Pipeline Transportation: IOCL operates an extensive network of pipelines for the transportation of crude oil, petroleum products, and natural gas, ensuring efficient and reliable supply chains.

Financials (2021):

  • Revenue: INR 4.79 lakh crores
  • Net Profit: INR 21,836 crores

Notable Achievements:

  1. Strategic Reserves: IOCL has developed and maintains strategic petroleum reserves (SPR) to ensure the country’s energy security during emergencies.
  2. Environmental Initiatives: The company has invested in eco-friendly technologies and is actively involved in environmental conservation, including afforestation and waste management.
  3. Clean Energy: IOCL has ventured into clean energy solutions, including ethanol blending in petrol, compressed natural gas (CNG), and electric vehicle (EV) charging stations.
  4. Research and Development: IOCL’s research and development centers focus on improving refining processes, developing new products, and enhancing fuel efficiency.
  5. Awards and Recognitions: IOCL has received several awards for its performance, sustainability practices, and corporate social responsibility (CSR) initiatives.

IOCL’s extensive infrastructure, commitment to quality, and continuous efforts in research and development have made it a vital contributor to India’s energy landscape, ensuring a steady supply of petroleum products and clean energy solutions.

Company Name Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IOCL)
Corporate Office New Delhi, India
Establishment 1959
Website www.iocl.com
Status Maharatna
Sector Petroleum & Natural Gas
Chairman Sanjiv Singh
Employees 34,000+
Revenue 66 billion dollar

2. Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Limited (ONGC)

Overview: Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Limited (ONGC) is India’s largest oil and gas exploration and production company.

Founded in 1956, ONGC has played a significant role in the development of the country’s oil and gas sector.

Key Contributions:

  1. Exploration and Production: ONGC is primarily involved in the exploration, drilling, and production of oil and natural gas resources. The company operates both onshore and offshore fields across India.
  2. Oil and Gas Reserves: ONGC is responsible for discovering and managing some of the largest oil and gas reserves in India. It plays a crucial role in ensuring the country’s energy security.
  3. Subsidiaries: ONGC has several subsidiary companies, including ONGC Videsh Limited (OVL), which is responsible for overseas exploration and production activities, and ONGC Petro Additions Limited (OPaL), which focuses on petrochemicals.
  4. Natural Gas: ONGC is a major producer of natural gas, which is essential for various industries and household consumption. The company’s efforts in increasing natural gas production have contributed to India’s clean energy goals.

Financials (2021):

  • Revenue: INR 74,800 crores
  • Net Profit: INR 13,440 crores

Notable Achievements:

  1. Global Presence: ONGC Videsh Limited (OVL), the international arm of ONGC, has made significant investments in exploration and production projects in various countries, contributing to India’s energy security on a global scale.
  2. Deepwater Exploration: ONGC has successfully undertaken deepwater exploration projects, which are technically challenging but hold the potential for substantial oil and gas reserves.
  3. Environmental Initiatives: ONGC is actively involved in environmental conservation and sustainability efforts. The company has implemented projects for water conservation, afforestation, and biodiversity protection.
  4. Awards and Recognition: ONGC has received numerous awards and recognitions for excellence in the oil and gas industry, including recognition for its safety measures and corporate social responsibility (CSR) activities.
  5. Technology and Innovation: ONGC continues to invest in research and development to enhance its exploration and production capabilities. The company has adopted advanced drilling technologies and reservoir management techniques.

ONGC’s consistent efforts in exploring and producing oil and natural gas, both domestically and internationally, have solidified its position as a vital contributor to India’s energy security and economic growth.

Company Name Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Limited (ONGC)
Corporate Office Dehradun, Uttaranchal, India
Establishment 1956
Website www.ongcindia.com
Status Maharatna
Sector Petroleum & Natural Gas
Chairman Dinesh Kumar Sarraf
Employees 33,000+
Revenue 21 billion dollar

3. Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited (BPCL)

Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited (BPCL) is one of India’s leading oil and gas companies.

Established in 1952, BPCL has been a key player in the country’s petroleum industry.

Key Contributions:

  1. Refining and Marketing: BPCL is engaged in the refining of crude oil and the marketing of petroleum and petrochemical products. It operates refineries in various locations across India, including Kochi, Mumbai, and Bina.
  2. Fuel Distribution: BPCL plays a pivotal role in distributing and marketing a wide range of petroleum products, including petrol, diesel, aviation fuel, and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG). The company’s retail outlets, known as “Bharat Petroleum Fuel Stations,” are a familiar sight across the country.
  3. LPG Services: BPCL is a major supplier of LPG for domestic and industrial use. The company’s LPG bottling plants ensure a steady supply of cooking gas to households and businesses.
  4. Petrochemicals: BPCL is involved in the production and marketing of petrochemical products, including bulk and specialty chemicals.

Financials (2021):

  • Revenue: INR 2.83 trillion
  • Net Profit: INR 9,145 crores

Notable Achievements:

  1. Global Recognition: BPCL has received several accolades and awards for its excellence in the oil and gas industry. It is recognized as one of the Fortune Global 500 companies.
  2. Environment and Sustainability: BPCL is committed to sustainable practices and has implemented various initiatives to reduce its carbon footprint and promote eco-friendly products.
  3. Community Engagement: The company actively engages in corporate social responsibility (CSR) activities, focusing on education, healthcare, and community development.
  4. Expansion and Modernization: BPCL continues to invest in the modernization and expansion of its refining and distribution infrastructure to meet the growing energy demands of India.

BPCL’s contribution to the energy sector, commitment to quality, and focus on sustainable practices have made it a prominent player in India’s public sector and a key provider of essential energy resources to the nation.

Company Name Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited (BPCL)
Corporate Office Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Establishment 1974
Website www.bharatpetroleum.com
Status Navratna
Sector Petroleum & Natural Gas
Chairman D Rajkumar
Employees 13,000+
Total assets 36 billion dollar

4. Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited (HPCL)

Overview: Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited (HPCL) is a prominent Indian oil and natural gas company. Established in 1974, HPCL is a subsidiary of Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Limited (ONGC).

It operates in various segments of the petroleum industry, including refining, marketing, distribution, and exploration.

Key Contributions:

  1. Oil Refining: HPCL owns and operates several refineries across India, with a total refining capacity of millions of metric tons per year. These refineries produce a wide range of petroleum products, including petrol, diesel, LPG, aviation turbine fuel (ATF), and more.
  2. Marketing and Retail: HPCL is known for its extensive network of retail outlets under the brand name “HPCL Retail.” It has a vast presence in the retail market, ensuring the distribution of high-quality fuels to consumers across the country.
  3. LPG Distribution: The company plays a vital role in distributing LPG (liquefied petroleum gas) for domestic, commercial, and industrial use. It contributes significantly to providing clean cooking fuel to households in India.
  4. Aviation Services: HPCL provides aviation fuel services to various airports across India, catering to the aviation industry’s needs.
  5. Petrochemicals: HPCL is involved in the production of petrochemicals and chemicals, contributing to the plastics, textiles, and packaging industries.

Financials (2021):

  • Revenue: INR 2.29 lakh crores
  • Net Profit: INR 6,029 crores

Notable Achievements:

  1. Environmental Initiatives: HPCL is committed to sustainable practices and has implemented several environment-friendly projects, including wastewater treatment, carbon reduction, and green fuel development.
  2. Clean Energy: The company has ventured into clean energy solutions, such as ethanol blending in petrol and the development of compressed natural gas (CNG) infrastructure.
  3. Research and Development: HPCL’s research and development efforts focus on improving refining processes, developing new products, and ensuring fuel quality.
  4. Awards and Recognitions: HPCL has received awards for its excellence in various areas, including safety, corporate social responsibility (CSR), and innovation.

HPCL’s significant presence in the Indian petroleum industry, combined with its commitment to sustainable practices and clean energy solutions, makes it a crucial player in ensuring the country’s energy security and environmental sustainability.

Company Name Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited (HPCL)
Corporate Office Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Establishment 1974
Website www.hindustanpetroleum.com
Status Navratna
Sector Petroleum & Natural Gas
Chairman M K Surana
Employees 11,000+
Total assets 32 billion dollar

5. National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC)

Overview: National Thermal Power Corporation Limited (NTPC) is one of India’s largest and leading power companies.

Established in 1975, it operates in the generation and sale of electricity, both from thermal and renewable energy sources.

NTPC is a state-owned company and plays a pivotal role in India’s power generation sector.

Key Contributions:

  1. Power Generation: NTPC has a substantial portfolio of thermal power plants that utilize various sources like coal, gas, and liquid fuel. It has a diversified mix of power generation facilities across India, contributing significantly to the country’s electricity supply.
  2. Renewable Energy: In line with India’s commitment to renewable energy, NTPC has been actively venturing into renewable energy sources, such as solar and wind power. It has set up numerous solar and wind projects to harness clean energy.
  3. Transmission and Distribution: NTPC is involved in the transmission and distribution of electricity, ensuring reliable and efficient power supply to various regions.
  4. Research and Development: The company focuses on research and development activities to improve power generation efficiency, reduce emissions, and explore new technologies for sustainable energy solutions.

Financials (2021):

  • Revenue: INR 109,364 crores
  • Net Profit: INR 13,822 crores

Notable Achievements:

  1. Largest Power Producer: NTPC is the largest power producer in India and is consistently ranked among the world’s top power companies.
  2. Green Initiatives: NTPC is committed to reducing its carbon footprint and has set ambitious targets for renewable energy capacity addition. It has also implemented emission control measures in its thermal power plants.
  3. Awards and Recognitions: The company has received numerous awards for excellence in power generation, energy efficiency, and environmental sustainability.
  4. Expansion Plans: NTPC has plans for extensive capacity expansion, both in conventional and renewable energy sectors, contributing to India’s energy security and clean energy goals.

NTPC’s significant presence in the Indian power sector, along with its efforts in renewable energy adoption and sustainability, makes it a critical contributor to the nation’s energy requirements and environmental commitments.

Company Name National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC)
Corporate Office New Delhi, India
Establishment 1975
Website www.ntpc.co.in
Status Maharatna
Sector Power
Chairman Gurdeep Singh
Employees 21,000+
Total assets 10.73 billion dollor

6. Coal India Limited (CIL)

Overview: Coal India Limited (CIL) is a state-owned coal mining company in India. It was founded in 1975 and is headquartered in Kolkata, West Bengal.

CIL is the largest coal-producing company in the world, playing a crucial role in India’s energy sector by supplying coal to power plants, industries, and other consumers.

Key Contributions:

  1. Coal Production: CIL is responsible for the majority of coal production in India. It operates numerous coal mines across different states, ensuring a consistent supply of coal to meet the country’s energy demands.
  2. Coal Exploration: The company is actively involved in exploring and developing coal reserves in India. It employs advanced technologies for coal exploration and extraction.
  3. Coal Distribution: CIL not only produces coal but also manages its distribution and logistics. It ensures that coal is transported efficiently from mines to various consumers, including power plants and industries.
  4. Environment and Sustainability: CIL is committed to sustainable mining practices and environmental protection. It takes measures to minimize the environmental impact of coal mining operations.

Financials (2021):

  • Revenue: INR 95,435 crores
  • Net Profit: INR 16,714 crores

Notable Achievements:

  1. Largest Coal Producer: Coal India Limited is the world’s largest coal-producing company, contributing significantly to India’s energy needs.
  2. Coal Quality Improvement: CIL has taken initiatives to improve the quality of coal produced, ensuring that it meets the requirements of various industries, including power generation.
  3. Technology Adoption: The company has embraced advanced technologies in coal mining, exploration, and logistics, leading to increased efficiency and safety in operations.
  4. Employee Welfare: CIL places a strong emphasis on employee welfare and development. It provides training and development opportunities for its workforce.
  5. Sustainability: CIL is actively involved in reforestation and afforestation programs to mitigate the environmental impact of coal mining activities.

Coal India Limited’s role in ensuring a stable supply of coal, which is essential for power generation and industrial processes, makes it a vital contributor to India’s energy security and economic development.

Company Name Coal India Limited (CIL)
Corporate Office Kolkata, West Bengal, India
Establishment 1975
Website www.coalindia.in
Status Maharatna
Sector Mining
Chairman Gopal Singh
Employees 3,30,000+
Total assets 12 billion dollor

7. Steel Authority of India Limited (SAIL)

Overview: Steel Authority of India Limited (SAIL) is one of the largest state-owned steel-making companies in India.

Established in 1954, it is headquartered in New Delhi. SAIL plays a pivotal role in the development of the Indian steel industry and infrastructure sector.

The company operates integrated steel plants and is involved in the production and sale of a wide range of steel products.

Key Contributions:

  1. Steel Production: SAIL is a major producer of steel in India, operating multiple integrated steel plants across the country. These plants manufacture a variety of steel products, including flat and long products, special steel, and alloy steel.
  2. Infrastructure Development: SAIL’s steel products are used in various sectors, including construction, infrastructure development, automotive, and manufacturing. The company’s steel is vital for the growth of these industries.
  3. Research and Development: SAIL invests in research and development activities to improve steel-making processes, enhance product quality, and develop new steel grades for specific applications.
  4. Export: SAIL exports steel products to various countries, contributing to India’s foreign exchange earnings and promoting ‘Make in India’ initiatives globally.

Financials (2021):

  • Revenue: INR 61,650 crores
  • Net Profit: INR 5,721 crores

Notable Achievements:

  1. Leading Steel Producer: SAIL is one of the largest steel producers in India, catering to the domestic and international markets.
  2. Expansion and Modernization: The company has undertaken modernization and expansion projects to enhance its production capacity, improve technology, and meet the growing demand for steel.
  3. Quality and Certification: SAIL’s commitment to quality is evident through various certifications, including ISO and BIS certifications for its steel products.
  4. Environmental Initiatives: SAIL focuses on sustainable and environmentally responsible practices in its steel-making processes. It has received awards and recognition for its environmental efforts.
  5. Employee Welfare: The company prioritizes the welfare and development of its employees, offering training and skill development programs.

SAIL’s contribution to India’s steel industry, infrastructure development, and economic growth makes it a significant player in the country’s industrial landscape.

It continues to invest in technology and innovation to remain competitive in the global steel market.

Company Name Steel Authority of India Limited (SAIL)
Corporate Office New Delhi, India
Establishment 19 January 1954
Website http://www.sail.co.in/
Status Maharatna
Sector Steel
Chairman Amarendu Prakash
Employees 59,350
Total assets 16 billion dollar

8. Power Grid Corporation of India Limited (PGCIL)

Overview: Power Grid Corporation of India Limited (PGCIL) is a leading state-owned electric utility company in India.

Established in 1989, it is headquartered in Gurugram, Haryana. PGCIL is responsible for the transmission and distribution of electric power across India.

The company plays a vital role in ensuring a reliable and efficient power supply network in the country.

Key Contributions:

  1. Transmission and Distribution: PGCIL is primarily responsible for the transmission of electricity from power generation plants to various distribution utilities and substations. It operates a vast network of transmission lines and substations across the country.
  2. Grid Management: The company manages the national power grid and ensures the seamless flow of electricity across regions. It plays a crucial role in balancing the demand and supply of electricity.
  3. Interconnection Projects: PGCIL undertakes interconnection projects to link different regions and states, facilitating the exchange of power and ensuring grid stability.
  4. Grid Modernization: The corporation focuses on modernizing the power grid infrastructure by adopting advanced technologies and smart grid solutions to enhance reliability and efficiency.

Financials (2021):

  • Revenue: INR 40,239 crores
  • Net Profit: INR 10,084 crores

Notable Achievements:

  1. Expansion and Growth: PGCIL has significantly expanded its transmission network over the years, making it one of the largest transmission utilities in the world.
  2. Grid Reliability: The company has contributed to improving the reliability of the power grid in India, reducing transmission losses and ensuring stable electricity supply.
  3. Renewable Energy Integration: PGCIL plays a pivotal role in integrating renewable energy sources into the grid, promoting sustainable and clean energy practices.
  4. International Presence: The corporation has ventured into international markets, providing consultancy and transmission services to neighboring countries.
  5. Technological Advancements: PGCIL adopts cutting-edge technologies such as phasor measurement units (PMUs) and high-voltage direct current (HVDC) systems to enhance grid operations.
  6. Awards and Recognitions: PGCIL has received numerous awards and accolades for its contribution to the power sector, including the ‘Maharatna of the Year’ award.

PGCIL’s efforts in ensuring a robust and reliable power transmission network have been crucial for India’s economic growth and electrification.

The company continues to invest in infrastructure development and grid modernization to meet the evolving energy needs of the nation.

Company Name Power Grid Corporation of India Limited (PGCIL)
Corporate Office Gurgaon, Haryana, India
Establishment 1989
Website www.powergridindia.com
Status Navratna
Sector Power
Chairman Shri IS Jha
Employees 10,000+
Total assets 3.1 billion dollar

9. Gas Authority of India Limited (GAIL)

Overview: GAIL (India) Limited, formerly known as Gas Authority of India Limited, is a prominent state-owned natural gas processing and distribution company in India.

Established in 1984, GAIL is headquartered in New Delhi, India. The company plays a significant role in the development of the natural gas sector and the overall energy infrastructure in India.

Key Contributions:

  1. Natural Gas Transmission: GAIL is responsible for the transmission and distribution of natural gas across India. The company operates an extensive network of pipelines that transport natural gas from various sources to different regions and consumers.
  2. Natural Gas Marketing: GAIL engages in the marketing and trading of natural gas, both within India and internationally. The company procures natural gas from domestic and global sources and supplies it to various sectors, including power, industrial, and city gas distribution.
  3. Petrochemicals: GAIL has a significant presence in the petrochemicals sector, producing a range of chemical and polymer products. The company’s petrochemical plants manufacture products like polyethylene, polypropylene, and various chemical intermediates.
  4. LPG and Liquid Hydrocarbons: GAIL is involved in the production and marketing of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) and other liquid hydrocarbon products. It caters to the domestic and industrial LPG demand in India.
  5. City Gas Distribution (CGD): The company is actively involved in CGD projects, supplying compressed natural gas (CNG) for the automotive sector and piped natural gas (PNG) for households and industries in various cities.

Financials (2021):

  • Revenue: INR 56,569 crores
  • Net Profit: INR 3,306 crores

Notable Achievements:

  1. Natural Gas Infrastructure: GAIL has developed a vast network of natural gas pipelines, making it a crucial player in ensuring the availability of clean energy across India.
  2. International Presence: The company has ventured into international markets, importing and trading natural gas and petrochemical products globally.
  3. Diversification: GAIL has successfully diversified its business portfolio into various segments of the energy and petrochemical sectors, contributing to its growth and profitability.
  4. Green Initiatives: GAIL is committed to sustainable and environmentally responsible practices, promoting the use of clean and green energy sources.
  5. CGD Expansion: GAIL has played a pivotal role in expanding city gas distribution networks, promoting the use of CNG and PNG as eco-friendly fuel options.
  6. Awards and Recognitions: The company has received several awards for its contributions to the energy sector and its commitment to corporate social responsibility.

GAIL (India) Limited continues to be a significant player in India’s energy landscape, contributing to the country’s energy security and sustainable development.

The company’s focus on innovation, infrastructure development, and diversification underscores its commitment to meeting India’s growing energy demands.

Company Name Gas Authority of India Limited (GAIL)
Corporate Office New Delhi, India
Establishment 1984
Website www.gailonline.com
Status Navratna
Sector Petroleum & Natural Gas
Chairman B. C. Tripathi
Employees 4000+
Total assets 3.5 billion dollar

10. Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL)

Overview: Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL) is one of India’s largest and oldest engineering and manufacturing companies.

Established in 1964, BHEL is headquartered in New Delhi, India.

The company is a leading player in the power sector and is primarily involved in the design, engineering, manufacturing, construction, testing, and commissioning of a wide range of products and systems for the power, industrial, and other sectors.

Key Contributions:

  1. Power Generation Equipment: BHEL is renowned for manufacturing power generation equipment such as steam turbines, gas turbines, boilers, generators, and associated equipment. These products are used in thermal, gas, and nuclear power plants.
  2. Renewable Energy: BHEL has diversified into the renewable energy sector and is involved in manufacturing and supplying components for solar and wind power projects, including solar panels, wind turbines, and balance of plant systems.
  3. Industrial Systems: The company manufactures a variety of industrial products, including transformers, electric motors, and control systems used in industries such as steel, cement, and petrochemicals.
  4. Environmental Solutions: BHEL offers solutions for environmental protection, including the supply of equipment for controlling emissions and reducing pollution in power plants.
  5. Research and Development: BHEL has a strong focus on research and development (R&D) and collaborates with premier institutions to develop cutting-edge technologies and products for the power and industrial sectors.

Financials (2021):

  • Revenue: INR 18,484 crores
  • Net Profit: INR 1,224 crores

Notable Achievements:

  1. Power Sector Prowess: BHEL has been instrumental in the growth of the power sector in India by supplying critical equipment for power generation, transmission, and distribution.
  2. International Presence: The company has a global footprint and has executed projects and supplied equipment to various countries, contributing to India’s engineering exports.
  3. Diversification: BHEL has diversified its product portfolio to cater to various sectors, including transportation, defense, and aerospace.
  4. R&D Excellence: BHEL’s R&D centers have made significant contributions to technology innovation and product development, ensuring the company’s competitiveness in a rapidly evolving industry.
  5. Sustainable Practices: BHEL is committed to sustainability and has adopted eco-friendly manufacturing processes and practices to reduce its environmental impact.
  6. Awards and Recognitions: The company has received numerous awards and accolades for its contributions to the engineering and manufacturing sectors.

Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited continues to be a vital entity in India’s industrial landscape, playing a pivotal role in power generation and contributing to the country’s infrastructure development and energy security.

Its commitment to innovation and sustainable practices ensures its relevance in the evolving global industrial landscape.

Company Name Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL)
Corporate Office New Delhi, India
Establishment 1964
Website www.bhel.com
Status Navratna
Sector Defense
Chairman Atul Sobti
Employees 42,000+
Total assets 3.9 billion dollar

2. Top 10 Profit Making CPSEs during – (2020-2021)

ere’s a table listing the top 10 profit-making Central Public Sector Enterprises (CPSEs) in India along with their net profit (in crores) for the financial year 2020-2021 and the percentage of their share in the total profit of all CPSEs.

Rank CPSE Net Profit (2020-2021) (in crores) % Share (2020-2021)
1 Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Limited ₹5,844 18.7%
2 Indian Oil Corporation Limited ₹21,346 68.3%
3 Oil India Limited ₹2,584 8.3%
4 Neyveli Lignite Corporation Limited ₹1,007 3.2%
5 Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited ₹2,300 7.4%
6 Steel Authority of India Limited (SAIL) ₹2,631 8.4%
7 Power Grid Corporation of India Limited ₹11,067 35.5%
8 National Thermal Power Corporation Limited ₹12,671 40.6%
9 Gas Authority of India Limited (GAIL) ₹4,012 12.9%
10 Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited ₹2,637 8.5%

Please note that these figures are based on data available up to January 2022 and are indicative.

Actual figures may vary and can be obtained from the respective CPSEs’ annual reports or official sources for the financial year 2020-2021.

3. Top 10 Loss Making CPSEs during – (2018-2019)

S.No. Name of CPSE Net Profit % Share
1. Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited -14904 47.11
2. Air India Ltd. -8475 26.79
3. Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Ltd. -3390 10.72
4. State Trading Corp. of India Ltd. -881 2.79
5. P E C Ltd. -500 1.58
6. Orissa Mineral Dev. Company Ltd. -452 1.43
7. M S T C Ltd. -324 1.03
8. National Textile Corp. Ltd. -315 0.99
9. Airline Allied Services Ltd. -297 0.94
10. Chennai Petroleum Corp. Ltd. -213 0.66
# Total (1 to 10) -29751 94.04
# Other CPSEs (60) -1884 5.96
# Loss of Loss Making CPSEs (70) -31635 100

Conclusion

In conclusion, these top 10 PSUs in India have played a vital role in the country’s economic development by generating employment and revenue.

These companies have contributed to the nation’s growth and progress by meeting the energy requirements, developing power generation and transmission infrastructure, producing steel and coal, and manufacturing aerospace, defense, and electronics products.

These PSUs are the backbone of the Indian economy and have played a significant role in making India a self-sufficient and thriving nation.

The contribution of these PSUs to the Indian economy is immense, and they continue to make significant strides in their respective fields to achieve new heights and make India a better place to live in.

This post is designed for providing more information about Public sector undertaking (PSUs) and we will update this list time to time.

If you find there is any change in any company / organization detail & information you may notify us using below comment box. We will update information in the above list as soon as possible.

Top 10 PSUs in India FAQs

What are the top 10 PSUs in India?

The top 10 PSUs in India, based on factors like revenue, market capitalization, and public perception, can vary over time.

However, some of the prominent PSUs in India are ONGC (Oil and Natural Gas Corporation), IOCL (Indian Oil Corporation Limited), NTPC (National Thermal Power Corporation), BHEL (Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited), Coal India Limited, GAIL (Gas Authority of India Limited), SAIL (Steel Authority of India Limited), HPCL (Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited), BPCL (Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited), and HAL (Hindustan Aeronautics Limited).

How are the top PSUs in India determined?

The ranking of PSUs in India is typically based on parameters such as revenue, market capitalization, net profit, employee strength, and overall performance.

Various financial publications and organizations release annual lists and rankings of top PSUs in India based on these factors.

What are the primary sectors in which the top PSUs operate?

The top PSUs in India operate across various sectors such as oil and gas, power generation, engineering, manufacturing, steel, mining, refining, and aerospace.

These PSUs play a significant role in the country's economy and infrastructure development.

Are the top PSUs in India only involved in government projects?

While many PSUs in India are involved in government projects and initiatives, they also operate in commercial sectors and engage in competitive market activities.

These PSUs often function as large-scale enterprises and contribute to the overall economic growth of the country.

Do the top PSUs in India offer career opportunities for engineering graduates?

Yes, the top PSUs in India frequently recruit engineering graduates for various technical positions.

They conduct recruitment drives through GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering) scores or their independent entrance exams.

These PSUs offer attractive career opportunities for engineering graduates across different disciplines.

Are the top PSUs in India profitable?

Yes, the top PSUs in India are generally profitable organizations. They generate substantial revenue, contribute to the national exchequer, and often distribute dividends to the government as their majority shareholder. However, the financial performance of individual PSUs may vary.

Are the top PSUs in India listed on the stock exchange?

Some of the top PSUs in India are listed on the stock exchange, while others are unlisted.

PSUs like ONGC, IOCL, NTPC, and Coal India Limited are examples of PSUs that are publicly listed and traded on stock exchanges.

How do the top PSUs in India contribute to the country's development?

The top PSUs in India play a crucial role in the country's development by contributing to sectors such as energy, infrastructure, manufacturing, and natural resources.

They provide employment opportunities, contribute to tax revenues, invest in research and development, and support national initiatives like Make in India and Digital India.

Can I apply for job vacancies in the top PSUs directly?

Yes, many top PSUs in India announce job vacancies and recruit candidates directly.

They release recruitment notifications through their official websites and advertise in leading newspapers and job portals.

Interested candidates can apply online or offline, following the specified application process.

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2 COMMENTS

  1. Pls give list of all PSUs and central govt and state govt organizations which can give me joining at delhi ncr. I got selected in isro but got joining in Ahmedabad.i want job in delhi ncr.

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