GATE CE Syllabus 2025: Civil Engineering



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Explore the comprehensive GATE Civil Engineering (CE) syllabus for 2024 to kickstart your exam preparation and achieve success.

GATE CE Syllabus 2024 – GATE 2024 exam will be conduct by IISc, Bangalore on dates 3, 4 and 10, 11 February, 2024. Here we have provided latest Civil Engineering syllabus & paper pattern for GATE 2024 aspirants.

All candidates with Civil Engineering subject are advised to download this latest syllabus before starting their GATE 2024 exam preparation.

GATE 2024 Highlights

GATE 2024 Conducting BodyIISc, Bangalore
GATE 2024 Exam Date3, 4, 10, 11 February, 2024
GATE 2024 Total Subjects30
GATE 2024 Exam ModeONLINE Computer Based Test (CBT)
GATE 2024 Exam Duration3 hours (180 minutes)
GATE 2024 Total Questions10 (GA) + 55 (subject)= 65
GATE 2024 Total Marks100
GATE 2024 Question TypeMCQ, MSQ, NAT

GATE Civil Engineering Paper Pattern 2024

Paper SectionsMarks Distribution
Subject Questions72% of the total marks.
Engineering Mathemetics13% of the total marks.
General Aptitude15% of the total marks.

GATE Civil Engineering Exam Pattern Details 2024

Mode of ExamOnline
Number of Questions65
Duration of Exam3 hours
Pattern of Questions
  • Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)
  • Numerical Answer Type Questions (NAT)
Marking Scheme
  • For MCQ’s -Test Paper carry 1 mark and 2 marks for questions with 13 and 23 negative marking for incorrect answers respectively.
  • For NAT – No negative marking.
Number of Sections
  • Section 1- General Aptitude
  • Section 2 – Engineering Mathematics and Core Discipline Questions.
Topic wise weightage
  • General Aptitude – 15%
  • Engineering Mathematics – 15%
  • Core Discipline Questions – 70%

GATE Civil Engineering Syllabus 2024 PDF

General Aptitude Syllabus (Common to all papers) [pdf] Download
GATE Syllabus for Civil Engineering (CE) [pdf] Download

GATE Civil Engineering Syllabus for General Aptitude 2024

Verbal Aptitude
  • English grammar
  • Vocabularies
  • Reading and comprehension
  • Narrative sequencing
Quantitative Aptitude
  • Data interpretation
  • 2 & 3-dimensional plots
  • Maps & tables
  • Numerical computation & estimation that includes ratios, percentages, powers, exponents & logarithms
  • Permutations & combinations
  • Mensuration & geometry
  • Elementary statistics & probability
Analytical Aptitude
  • Logic: Deduction & induction Analogy
  • Numerical relations & reasoning
Spatial Aptitude
  • Transformation of shapes like translation, mirroring , rotation & scaling
  • Assembling & grouping
  • Paper folding, cutting, and patterns (2 & 3 dimensions)

GATE Civil Engineering Syllabus for Engineering Mathematics 2024

Linear Algebra
  • Linear dependence and independence
  • Vector space
  • Matrix algebra, eigen values and eigen vectors
  • Solution of linear equations- existence and uniqueness
  • Rank .
  • Mean value theorems
  • Theorems of integral calculus
  • Evaluation of definite and improper integrals
  • Partial derivatives, maxima and minima
  • Multiple integrals, line, surface and volume integrals
  • Taylor series
Differential Equations
  • First order equations (linear and nonlinear)
  • Higher order linear differential equations
  • Cauchy’s and Euler’s equations
  • Methods of solution using variation of parameters
  • Complementary function and particular integral
  • Partial differential equations
  • Variable separable method
  • initial and boundary value problems
Vector Analysis
  • Vectors in plane and space
  • Vector operations
  • Gradient, divergence and curl
  • Gauss’s, Green’s and Stokes’ theorems.
Complex Analysis
  • Analytic functions
  • Cauchy’s integral theorem
  • Cauchy’s integral formula, sequences, series, convergence tests
  • Taylor and Laurent series, residue theorem.
Probability and Statistics
  • Mean, median, mode, standard deviation
  • Combinatorial probability
  • Probability distributions
  • Binomial distribution
  • Poisson distribution
  • Exponential distribution
  • Normal distribution
  • Joint and conditional probability.

GATE Civil Engineering Syllabus for Core Subjects 2024

Geotechnical Engineering
  • Soil Index Properties
  • Behavior of Sand & Clay
  • Bearing Capacity of Shallow Foundation
  • Seepage Analysis
  • Effect of Water Table on Soil
Structural Engineering
  • SFD & BMD
  • Deflection of Beams
  • Kinematic & Static Indeterminacy
  • Combined Stress
  • Moment Distribution Method
Water Resources Engineering
  • Hydrographs
  • Fluid Kinetics
  • Fluid Properties
  • Water Requirement for Crops
  • Turbulent Flow
  • Boundary Analysis
  • Open Channel Flow
Environmental Engineering
  • Noise Pollution
  • Sedimentation Tank
  • Biochemical Oxygen Demand
  • Mixing of Pollutants from two streams
  • Trickling Filter
  • Hardness of Water
  • Activated Sludge Process
Transportation Engineering
  • Sigh distances
  • Cross-Sectional Elements
  • Types of Pavements and their Characteristics
  • Highway Capacity
  • Marshall Mix Design
  • Traffic Control Devices
Geomatics Engineering
  • Leveling
  • Traversing
  • Tacheometer
  • Error Measurement

GATE Civil Engineering Syllabus Weightage 2024

SubjectsMarks Weightage
General Aptitude15%
Engineering Mathematics10.5%
Irrigation & Hydrology5.5%
Fluid Mechanics9%
Environmental Engineering9%
Structural Analysis4.5%
Geotechnical Engineering16%
Transportation Engineering9.5%
Geomatics Engineering6%
Steel Structures5%
Construction Materials & Management1%
Engineering Mechanics0.5%
Solid Mechanics3.5%

GATE Civil Engineering Guidance

GATE Civil Engineering Syllabus & Exam Pattern FAQs

What is the exam pattern for GATE Civil Engineering (CE)?

The GATE Civil Engineering (CE) exam is a computer-based test with a total of 65 questions worth 100 marks.

The duration of the exam is 3 hours, and the questions are a mix of multiple-choice questions (MCQs) and numerical answer type (NAT) questions.

What are the subjects included in the GATE Civil Engineering syllabus?

The GATE Civil Engineering syllabus includes the following subjects:

  1. Engineering Mathematics
  2. Structural Engineering
  3. Geotechnical Engineering
  4. Water Resources Engineering
  5. Environmental Engineering
  6. Transportation Engineering
  7. Geomatics Engineering

What is the weightage of each subject in the GATE Civil Engineering exam?

The weightage of each subject in the GATE Civil Engineering exam is not fixed, as the number of questions asked in each subject may vary. However, on average, each subject carries around 10-15% weightage in the exam.

How many questions are asked from each subject in the GATE Civil Engineering exam?

The number of questions asked from each subject in the GATE Civil Engineering exam may vary. However, on average, there are around 8-10 questions asked from each subject.

What is the difficulty level of the GATE Civil Engineering exam?

The GATE Civil Engineering exam is considered to be of moderate difficulty level. However, the difficulty level may vary from year to year, depending on the nature of questions asked.

Are calculators allowed in the GATE Civil Engineering exam?

No, physical calculators are not allowed in the GATE Civil Engineering exam. However, an online virtual calculator will be available on the computer screen during the exam.

How is the GATE Civil Engineering exam score calculated?

The GATE Civil Engineering exam score is calculated on the basis of the number of correct answers and incorrect answers. For MCQs, 1 or 2 marks are awarded for a correct answer, and 1/3 or 2/3 marks are deducted for an incorrect answer.

For NAT questions, 1 or 2 marks are awarded for a correct answer, and there is no negative marking for incorrect answers.

Is there any negative marking in the GATE Civil Engineering exam?

Yes, there is negative marking in the GATE Civil Engineering exam for MCQs. For every incorrect answer to 1-mark questions, 1/3 mark will be deducted, and for every incorrect answer to 2-mark questions, 2/3 mark will be deducted.

How can I prepare for the GATE Civil Engineering exam?

You can prepare for the GATE Civil Engineering exam by following these steps:

  1. Understand the exam pattern and syllabus.
  2. Create a study plan and stick to it.
  3. Refer to standard textbooks and study materials.
  4. Solve previous year question papers and mock tests.
  5. Take regular breaks and maintain a healthy lifestyle.

What is the qualifying cutoff for the GATE Civil Engineering exam?

The qualifying cutoff for the GATE Civil Engineering exam varies from year to year and is decided by the exam conducting authority.

Generally, the cutoff for General category candidates is around 25-30 marks out of 100, and for SC/ST/OBC/PwD candidates, it is around 20-25 marks out of 100.

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  1. Sir why you remove calcy.?…. it is too difficult to calculate interpolation or any rcc design ans….. at least you have to made vertual calcy as same as narmal calcy………also it take too much time…….

  2. Already civil engineering is a vast branch.

    Considering the transportation field the introduction of airport engineering and railway engineering will create
    more burden.

  3. sir why u have increased the syllabus for only civil engineering.
    this is injustice to us…..i request u that either u increase every branch syllabus
    or u decrease our syllabus….please

    • You keep on learning & preparing for it don’t take burden of syllabus. It is our need and improve our personality in particular profession.


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